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LIBER Quarterly provides immediate open access to its content. Author(s) retain copyright of their articles. Articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0)
If you have any questions you can contact the Managing Editor.
Publication fees: Authors are not asked to pay Article Processing Charges (APC)s. Costs related to its publication are currently covered by LIBER.
Publications are accepted in the following sections:
Manuscripts should be submitted to this site, either in MS Word or in OpenOffice/LibreOffice Writer format. Do not send a PDF-file! They must be written in English, UK spelling (e.g., ‘organise’ instead of ‘organize’, ‘colour’ instead of ‘color’,…). Authors who are not native English speakers are strongly recommended to have their texts read and corrected by a native English speaking colleague. The paper should include an abstract (except for book reviews) and two or three key words. The sections and subsections of the paper should be numbered.
Avoid using the first person singular (I) in your text, write ‘we’ instead, or use a description like ‘This work…’.
Tables must be embedded in the text, figures also embedded and preferably added in separate files. Figures and tables should be numbered consecutively, provided with a caption (below the figures, but above the tables). The main text should contain at least one reference to each figure and table. Pay attention to the readability of all text inside the figures.
Avoid inserting tables that are too long. If necessary, you can move them to an appendix, or add separate data files to be uploaded in the Harvard Dataverse (with appropriate linking between paper and data). Remember that a graph (which can be produced from a table with, e.g., MS Excel) gives a much better visual presentation of numerical data than a table.
Special attention must be given to the references, where we follow the APA-7 style (American Psychological Association 2020, see https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples). Remark that there are some important changes from the previous version (APA-6), which was used up to volume 30 of our journal. More details are given below.
2. The author field
The information about the author(s) of the paper consists of the following elements:
Titles (such as Ph.D, Professor,…) or functions (such as Library Director) are not included in the author field. When submitting a paper, you can fill in such information in the author info form, and this will become visible to the readers when they click on your name (in the HTML version of the paper). The ORCID website is also an ideal place to provide such personal information. It is therefore strongly recommended that authors register for a free ORCID number.
3. The Abstract
Abstracts should clearly explain the most important aspects of the paper. These include the objectives of the work (what is it about, why is it important?), a historical situation of the problem (what other approaches have been tried, what was the common knowledge at the start of your project?), a description of the methodology followed for obtaining your results, and finally a brief summary of the results obtained. Do not include citations to references in the abstract, since this is intended to be available as stand-alone information about the paper.
Give minimum 3 and maximum 5 keywords, separated by a semicolon (“;”). Example:
Key Words: library; university; research; open access journals
4. The Introduction and further structure of the paper
It is recommended to structure the paper in numbered sections, subsections, and – if necessary - sub-subsections.
The introduction should not be a repetition of the abstract, but it should describe more explicitly the starting point of your result: what is the problem that you wanted to solve, what were the questions that needed to be answered. This will usually require some description of the background of your topic.
Subsequent sections may contain a discussion of related work by other authors (or by yourself), a detailed description of the methodology followed for treating your subject (was it a user survey, a study of the literature, a theoretical analysis, an empirical testing of various approaches, or what?), a clear description of the results obtained, and certainly a conclusion in which you comment on your results and elaborate on their value and applicability, especially from the point of view of the knowledge and information transfer through our academic and research libraries.
You can insert notes, e.g. for pointing to the website of mentioned organisations, or for making small side remarks. Since the HTML version of the paper contains no pagination, we use end notes instead of foot notes.
6. Citations and references
Special attention must be given to the references and citations. All references should be cited at least once in the text and to each citation there should correspond an item in the reference list. We are following the APA-7 Style (2020 – See examples in https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples). The most important points of this style are described below, and illustrated in some examples.
When citing previous publications (most often from books, journal articles or websites), the simplest information required is the surname of the author and the year of publication. This must be sufficient to identify the corresponding item (with full information about the source) in the reference list. When the work has more than one author, the rules were simplified in APA-7: with two authors you should mention both names, with more than two authors you use “et al.” (unless more information is necessary for resolving ambiguity in the reference list).
There are different rules for in-text citations and for citations in parentheses. The rules should be clear from the following examples:
Also the rules for the formatting of references have been simplified, with a strong emphasis on the use of persistent identifiers, especially the DOI in the format https://doi.org/xxxxxxx, and mentioning more authors (up to 20) for multi-authored works. It is no longer required to mention the location of the publisher of a book (some multinationals have worldwide offices…). Instead of explaining the various rules, we show the most important ones by examples. Please follow strictly the formats (including capitalisation and use of italics).
Please remark that in the titles of books and journal articles only the first word and the names of persons and organisations are capitalised. The journal title itself may have more capitalised words.
- Johnson, D.A. (2015). Full title of the book. John Wiley & Sons.
- Johnson, D.A., & Stevenson, R.G. (Eds.). (2017). Full title of the book. John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/xxxxxxxxx
Chapter in edited book:
- Franck, T., Stone, C.H., & Travers, K. (2011). Title of the chapter. In D.A. Johnson, & R.G. Stevenson (Eds.), Full title of the book (pp. 124-158). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/yyyyyyyyyy
Journal article: (do not include URL from academic databases)
- Stevens, X. (2009). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, 39(2), 78-93. https://doi.org/xxxxx
- Mueller, T. (2018). Title of the article. PLoS ONE 13(2), Article e12354. https://doi.org/xxxxx
Report by organisation:
- National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/takingtime.pdf
- Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times. https://doi.org.xyxyxy
7. End of the paper
In order to promote Open Science, LIBER Quarterly stimulates the publication of the full research data underlying its published papers. The data should be restricted to the work's scope. In the case of datasets, please avoid binary formats in favour of long-term readability - CSV or alike are most welcome. Contact the journal manager in order to store them in the journal’s dataset at Harvard Dataverse. A link to those data will be published at the end of the paper.
Some additional information may be added in an appendix, e.g., the full text of a questionnaire used during the performed research.
If the article is resulting from an EC or ERC project, please mention the Grant Agreement number and the name of the project. You may also add a short Acknowledgement to people or organisations that have supported your research or assisted in the preparation of the manuscript.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.